Improvements in medical care have made it possible for paraplegics to live much longer than they would have in the past. However, living longer lives means they also must wrestle with common health problems other populations often face, including diabetes. In people with diabetes, the pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin or their bodies aren’t able to use the insulin properly, which can lead to serious complications such as kidney failure, heart disease and blindness.
“People who are paralyzed are three to four times more likely to become diabetic,” said UGA researcher Kevin McCully, director of the Exercise Vascular Biology Laboratory in the College of Education’s department of kinesiology.
McCully and co-investigators from Atlanta’s Shepherd Center, one of the top rehabilitation hospitals in the nation, are investigating using electrical stimulation as a way of exercising leg muscles among people with mobility disabilities, with the goal of reducing complications from diabetes.